We critically discuss the operationalization of motivation in current weight control programs, present a complementary approach to understanding motivation based on self-determination theory, and review empirical findings from weight control studies that have used self-determination theory measures and assessed their association with weight outcomes.
While it is well established that obesity is associated with increased risk for many diseases, causation is less well-established.
Indeed, there are indications that a dichotomous, all or nothing approach towards weight management as well as a rigid control of eating behavior negatively predict success [ 1037 ]. This article has diet motivation psychological journal cited by other articles in PMC.
Self-determination theory distinguishes between the content of goals or aspirations e. Manuscripts that will be considered for publication will present results from high quality empirical research, systematic reviews, meta-analyses, commentaries concerning already published PSE papers or topics of general interest for PSE readers, protocol papers for trials, and reports of professional practice which will need to demonstrate academic rigour and go beyond mere description.
This has previously been observed in tobacco cessation [ 34 ]. That is until something seriously decadent plops on your plate.
An integrated perspective. As stated by Ryan and Deci, "it is integration within personality rather than behavior change per se that is the aim of an SDT-approach From our perspective then, with an emphasis on the need to promote autonomous motivation for change, it is encouraging that recently there have been a growing number of studies that have evaluated the effectiveness of MI in weight control programs.
Hence, there are two kinds of hunger; one is caused physiologically, and the other one psychologically. A more sophisticated examination of the consequences of differences in the quality of motivation could help in understanding successful weight loss and eventually help design more effective interventions [ 18 ].
This intervention was found effective in changing perceived need support, need satisfaction, and autonomous regulation and intrinsic motivation for exercise, and also self-reported exercise and physical activity [ 54 ].
Meanwhile, overweight and obese persons are living their lives in the present environment and, in one-on-one sessions with health professionals or as part of community or commercial group programs, seek more effective solutions and ask for advice on how to deal with their excess weight [ 5 ].
Surprisingly, in a recent review of obesity treatments, Powell et al. Note that liposuction removes subcutaneous fat, not the visceral fat that is more highly associated with disease, and these results should be interpreted carefully. Hypertension provides another example of a condition highly associated with weight; research suggests that it is two to three times more common among obese people than lean people [ 79 ].
Why do some participants feel that they have failed and often abandon their efforts when, despite having successfully improved their lifestyle and also their health, they did not lose a substantial amount of weight?
A randomized controlled trial using mobile technology. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 28, — As discussed earlier, weight cycling is the most common result of engaging in conventional dieting practices and is known to increase morbidity and mortality risk.
More recently, a randomized controlled trial was implemented to address the role of autonomous motivation in weight control, focusing on physical activity behaviors as well as on motivation for physical activity and exercise as putative mediating agents for long-term weight management, in premenopausal overweight and mildly obese women - the PESO study [ 5455 ].
As noted above, self-determination theory researchers have proposed that some goals are considered extrinsic because meeting them is less fulfilling of basic psychological needs [ 25 ].
Human needs and the self-determination of behavior. Therefore, it is crucial to also improve existing strategies and develop new strategies that help people better navigate obesogenic environments, wherever and whenever they exist, by maximizing their own self-regulatory resources.
So what are you gonna do? These findings are in line with the generalization of exercise motivation research findings to the regulation of eating behavior as described above [ 47 ].
The only way for overweight and obese people to improve health is to lose weight Evidence: In a subsequent study, three-year results confirmed the self-determination theory process model, showing that intervention-related changes in exercise autonomous regulation predicted 2-year self-reported moderate exercise and also 3-year weight control [ 39 ].
Moller and colleagues [ 26 ] demonstrate that participants in a three-week health behavior improvement program who reported being more motivated by a monetary incentive had higher body weight at 17 weeks followup. After almost eight years on this diet, there was almost no change in weight from starting point a loss of 0.
Our emotional state plays a major role in our regular food intake and negative emotions like stress, sadness or frustration can lead us to make bad choices when it comes to food.
While stronger policy measures to halt the "obesity epidemic" e. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 33, —Research Article. Diet, Exercise and Motivation in Weight Reduction: The Role of Psychological Capital and Stress Mary Sophia Barnes and Tony Cassidy*.
27/04/ · Understanding Employee Motivation the psychological process that gives behavior purpose and direction Journal of Agricultural Education, 32 (2).
The motivation to diet in young women: International Journal of Eating Disorders and Disgust, The Psychological Record, /s Cited by: 01/10/ · Weight Science: Evaluating the Evidence for a Paradigm Shift.
All studies indicate significant improvements in psychological and Nutrition Journal. Health Education Journal (1) 53–72 55 Motivation for weight-loss diets Autonomous motives emanate from one’s true nature and one’s own choice and are.
International Journal of Ph ysical Education, Psychological Factors Affecting Sports Performance Keywords: Sports Performance, Psychological Factors, Cited by: 1.